Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba
Photo by: Bloomberg
Members of the Media, DHA partners, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, good morning.
I am excited to launch the Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) Project, which greatly advances our Modernisation Programme and transformation imperatives broadly.
The department’s transformation journey started in 1994 with the establishment of a single national department, having inherited a fragmented civil registration system, with only 4.5 million people enjoying access to acceptable levels of civic services, to the exclusion of the African majority.
In 2011, a system-wide modernization programme was initiated, to create a digital environment. The programme entailed making significant changes to how the department operated, including systems development, streamlining processes and change management. The long-term goal was building a single, integrated, digital platform for the department and the Republic as a whole.
One of the major challenges faced was the imminent collapse of the over 20-year old biometrics database, HANIS, which left the department with no option but to conduct a technology upgrade.
To this end, the department partnered with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research to develop specifications for a new biometric database. It worked with the State Information Technology Agency to procure a future-fit Automated Biometric Identification System. EOH was contracted to deliver the ABIS, as a result of a thoroughgoing procurement process.
This was made possible by the valuable support of the Justice, Crime Prevention and Security Cluster (JCPS) and the SA Police Services. With the new system, Home Affairs will address also the specific requirements of sister departments in the cluster and those of other organs of state.
What is pressing for the police, is for Home Affairs to fulfil requirements relating to the fingerprint search functionality. It should, going-forward, provide, additional biometric modalities, such as iris scan, palm print and infant footprint, over and above what the archaic HANIS used to provide.
The ABIS project started in January 2016. It is a modern IT system based on commodity hardware. It was designed to be run as a critical service without interruptions. It promises many possibilities in identity management while speaking to the type of Home Affairs we want to see in the future.
This modern IT system will integrate with other relevant systems, inside and outside Home Affairs, to allow for one holistic view of the status of clients. It will serve as a single source for biometric authentication of citizens and non-citizens across state institutions and private sector entities.
The ABIS project will be rolled-out in phases, over a five-year period. Among others, implementation will entail migration of the current HANIS data (fingerprints and facial recognition) to the new ABIS, with improved functionality, installation and configuration of ABIS infrastructure (hardware), and building of system functionalities.
When it goes live, the following benefits can be expected:
Service delivery improvements due to faster turnaround times for those applying for ID documents or passports,
Reduced cases of duplicate identities,
A future-fit identification and security solution in support of national government’s drive towards modernisation of all departments, for service efficiency.
On the economy,
The banks will be able to verify client identity quicker.
Tourism will benefit due to quicker response times at ports of entry to capture or verify a traveller’s identity.
SAPS will be able to search for suspects by matching latent prints against records on ABIS,
Improved border control, which should create also a competitive economic environment to attract critical skills, enable growth, increase foreign direct investment, create jobs and fight poverty.
This integrated multi-modal system that is scalable and expandable for future capabilities, is itself protected through cutting edge authentication and security protocols. This approach of ensuring our technology is future-ready, builds on the approach used to develop the smart ID card, which has now been issued to 10 million citizens.
As part of ABIS awareness, officials will be exposed to new and modern ways of working.
At project completion, we trust that we would have transformed, qualitatively, the Department of Home Affairs from what Nelson Mandela called in Long Walk to Freedom (1994: 155), “the much loathed Native Affairs Department”, into a real cornerstone of e-Government, and a critical enabler of citizen empowerment, economic development, national security and an efficient state.
This development will go some way to ensure our people thrive in the fourth industrial revolution, as it helps enable empowered citizens, relatively low cost digital government services, trusted documents, enhanced security, less crime, improved investment prospects and prosperity.
In sum, ABIS is a milestone in South Africa’s pathway towards a new digital national identity system. In it is embedded possibilities of restructuring the future, today, using highly secure technologies. The promise is a Department of Home Affairs which is not a problem to the people, but a solution for the people.
It is yet another way in which, Home Affairs meets the future!
I thank you.