New Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tina Joemat-Peterson was previously the Northern Cape MEC for agriculture. Joemat-Peterson serves on the African National Congress's (ANC's) National Executive Committee (NEC) and National Working Committee (NWC). Her deputy is opposition party, Freedom Front Plus leader Pieter Mulder.
New Minister of Arts and Agriculture Lulu Xingwana, who is Joemat-Peterson's predecessor, is apparently also an avid art collector, who also loves pottery and beadwork.
Deputy Minister of Arts and Culture Paul Mashatile, who was overlooked to resume his position as Gauteng Premier, was previously the province's finance and economic affairs MEC.
Minister of Basic Education Angie Motshekga, previously was Gauteng's MEC for education NEC.
Her deputy Enver Surty, served in the same post under former President Thabo Mbeki's tenure before moving into the Justice post when Kgalema Motlanthe replaced Mbeki as President in September 2008.
New Communications Minister Siphiwe Nyanda is a former South African Defence Force head. He took over command of the South African National Defence Force in 1998 at the age of 48.
His deputy Dina Pule, was the MEC for culture, sport and recreation in the Mpumulanga province and before that the MEC for safety and security in the same province.
In a newly-formed post, Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs, is Sicelo Shiceka, who was the Minister of Provincial and Local Government in the previous term and is also a member of the ANC's NEC.
His deputy Yunus Carrim was chairperson of the National Assembly's Justice and Constitutional Development portfolio committee.
Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula was formerly Home Affairs Minister and a former ANC Women's League president. She is the new Minister of Correctional Services, which was previously led by Ngconde Balfour, who is absent in the new Cabinet.
Her deputy Hlengiwe Mkhize, was previously an ambassador to the Netherlands.
Minister of Defence and Military Veterans Lindiwe Sisulu, was previously Housing Minister and before that Intelligence Minister until 2004.
The Ministry was previously headed by Congress of the People president Mosiuou Lekota.
Sisulu's deputy Thabang Makwetla, is a former Mpumulanga Premier and a member of the ANC NEC.
The new Ministry of Economic Planning is headed by Ebrahim Patel, who is a former general secretary of the Southern African Clothing and Textile Workers Union (Sactwu) and has extensive labour experience.
His deputy Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde, is a former Speaker in the National Assembly. She was a Member of Parliament from 1994.
Dipuo Peters, who is the new Minister of Energy, is a former Northern Cape Premier.
New Minister of Finance Pravin Gordhan, was Commissioner of the South African Revenue Service. He has a Bachelor of Pharmacy from the University of Durban-Westville.
He joined SARS in 1999 and was hailed for increasing tax revenues.
He replaces popular Trevor Manuel in the position.
His deputy Nhlanhla Nene, most famous in the public eye for falling off a chair during a live SABC interview, remains in the Deputy Finance position after his appointment by Motlanthe in 2008.
He is a former chaiperson of Parliament's finance committee.
The new Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi, has a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery from the University of Natal. He is a former acting Premier in the Limpopo province and was previously also an education MEC in the same province. His deputy Molefi Sefularo was health MEC in the North West province and appointed Deputy Health Minister by Motlanthe last year.
Minister of Higher Education and Training Blade Nzimande, is the General Secretary of the South African Communist Party (SACP) and serves on the ANC's NEC and NWC.
Besides his extensive trade union background, he has also been a lecturer and published widely about education matters.
Minister of Home Affairs Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma previously served as Foreign Affairs minister and before that as Health Minister. Her deputy Malusi Gigaba, continues his service in a post he started in 2004.
Former Gauteng Premier and Presidential hopeful Tokyo Sexwale, has made a dramatic return to politics as Minister of Human Settlements, formerly known as Housing. Sexwale left politics in 1998 to pursue business interests.
His deputy Zou Kota, is a former chair of the portfolio committee of housing.
Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, the new Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, is a former Limpopo local government and housing MEC.
She has also served as an ambassador to India.
She is flanked by two deputies: Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim, a businessperson, and Sue van der Merwe, who continues in a post she has held since 2004.
New Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development Jeff Radebe, is the ANC's head of policy and was the previous Transport Minister.
He has also served as Minister of Public Enterprises and under Nelson Mandela as Minister of Public Works.
His deputy Andries Nel, served as acting chief whip for the ANC since 2007 and was deputy chief whip before that.
Membathisi Mdladlana continues in his post as Minister of Labour.
A new Ministry dedicated to Mining is headed by Susan Shabangu, who is a previous Safety and Security deputy Minister since 2004 and a Member of Parliament since 1994.
Minister of Police Nathi Mthethwa, was appointed Minister of Safety and Security in 2008 and has been a Member of Parliament since 2002. He is a member of the ANC NWC.
Fikile Mbalula, his deputy, is a previous ANC Youth League president and headed up the ANC's 2009 election campaign.
Barbara Hogan has been moved from her Health posting to becoming the new Minister of Public Enterprises. She has been an MP since 1994 and was the first woman in South Africa to be found guilty of treason in 1982.
Her deputy Enoch Godongwana, was a member of the Eastern Cape provincial legislature and is a member of the ANC's NEC.
Minister for the Public Service and Administration Richard Baloyi, took up the post in 2008 replacing Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi. His deputy Roy Padayachie is a former deputy Minister of Communication.
Minister of Public Works Geoff Doidge retains his post. His deputy Hendrietta Bogapane-Zulu, is visually impaired and was chairperson of the Parliamentary Joint Monitoring Committee from 1999 to 2004.
The newly-formed Ministry of Rural Development is headed by Gugile Nkwinti, who was previously MEC of agriculture in the Eastern Cape.
Joe Phaahla - director-general of the government's 2010 unit - serves as her deputy.
Naledi Pandor, former Education Minister has been redeployed to head up the Ministry of Science and Technology.
Derek Hanekom continues in his post as deputy in this ministry. Under Nelson Mandela he was Minister of Agriculture and Land Reform.
Edna Molewa, the new Minister of Social Development, replaces Zola Skweyiya who retired from Parliament this month.
She was Premier of the North West province since April 2004.
Her deputy Bathabile Dlamini, is a member of the ANC's NWC.
Makhenkesi Stofile continues in his post as Sports and Recreation Minister, as does his deputy Gert Oosthuizen.
Intelligence Minister Siyabonga Cwele continues in his post under the newly named State Security Ministry.
Former Finance Minister Trevor Manuel will be Minister in the Presidency heading up the National Planning Commission, which Zuma described as "very powerful".
The second Minister in the Presidency is Collins Chabane, who heads up Performance Monitoring Evaluation and Administration in the Presidency.
He is a former Limpopo public works MEC.
New Tourism Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk was the former Environmental Affairs and Tourism minister, a Ministry, President Jacob Zuma has now split.
His deputy Thozile Xasa, is a former local government and housing MEC in the Eastern Cape.
The Trade and Industry Ministry will now be headed by its former deputy Minister Rob Davies. He has two deputies - Thandi Tobias who was the chairperson of the public works portfolio committee and Maria Ntuli who is an MP.
The Transport Ministry will be headed by former Kwazulu-Natal Premier Sbusiso Joel Ndebele.
His deputy Jeremy Cronin, is deputy secretary-general of the SACP and a poet.
Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs Buyelwa Sonjica, was the previous Minister of Minerals and Energy. Her deputy Rejoice Mabhudafhasi, was the deputy Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.
A Ministry for Women, Youth, Children and People with Disabilities has been created and will be headed by Noluthando Mayende-Sibiya.
She is a former president of the National Education, Health and Allied Workers' Union (Nehawu).