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Incorruptible – The story of the murders of Dulcie September, Anton Lubowski and Chris Hani

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Incorruptible – The story of the murders of Dulcie September, Anton Lubowski and Chris Hani

Evelyn Groenink discusses her book Incorruptible. (Camera & editing: Darlene Creamer)

24th April 2018


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It is often thought that Dulcie September, Anton Lubowski and Chris Hani were assassinated by apartheid forces simply because they were freedom fighters. But ‘Incorruptible,’ a nail-bitingly thrilling reflection of Evelyn Groenink’s painstaking research over the past 30 years, shows the truth is different. All three tried to keep their organisations, the ANC and SWAPO, free from wrongdoing. They stood against mafias who had invaded their movement’s inner circles. They were not only brave anti-apartheid fighters: they were incorruptible.

One of the most explosive revelations in this book concerns the murder of Chris Hani, 25 years ago. Groenink reveals how the police buried evidence from no less than three witnesses who saw another murderer besides Janusz Waluś; and how the state’s “brave” star eyewitness in all likelihood hadn’t even been there when Hani was shot.


With corruption endemic in South Africa today, the reader is entitled to ask if things would be different if Hani, Lubowski and September had lived. Though in 2018 the murder of Dulcie September is 30 years past, and Chris Hani’s 25 years, the book raises the spectre of similar mafia-type deals that may still be making victims in South Africa – and beyond.

The book has already caused controversy; so much that a planned publication in 2005 could not take place because of the myriad of legal and physical threats -against then intended publisher, Jacana-, that resulted after comments were invited from a number of individuals mentioned in the book.


This new edition of ‘Incorruptible’ narrates, in a dedicated chapter, the events around that ‘requesting comments’ exercise. It also includes, in an effort to be scrupulously fair, all responses that were received either in writing or verbally. Whenever the responses were too long to include in the book (one letter received amounted to twenty pages) they are republished in full in author Evelyn Groenink’s website,


Evelyn Groenink (1960) started her journalism career in the eighties of the last century at a small left-wing newspaper in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. As correspondent in Central America during the mid-eighties her reports from that region won her ‘runner up’ in a Dutch award contest for young journalists.  After 1987, partly as a result from her association with the Anti-Apartheid Movement in the Netherlands, her journalistic focus changed to South and southern Africa. Groenink has published three books on South Africa through Atlas Publishers in the Netherlands (in Dutch): Wonderland, 1996; Dulcie, 2001; and ‘Bij de Blanken is het Beter’ (It’s Better where the Whites are), 2013. “Incorruptible” is her first book in English translation. She is married to Ivan Pillay and the couple have two daughters, Devi and Vani.

Incorruptible – The story of the murders of Dulcie September, Anton Lubowski and Chris Hani is published by Jacana Media


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